Government: Panama is a constitutional democracy with the three branches of government being executive, legislative, and judiciary. The residing President of Panama is Ricardo Martinelli.
Population: Approximately 3.4 million; 50% live in Panama Province (state.gov)
Geographic Area: Slightly smaller than the state of South Carolina at approximately 29,200 square miles (state.gov); 9 different provinces and three different indigenous territories called Comarcas.
Primary Cities: Panama City is the capital and largest city; Colon is the second largest, and David is the third largest city in Panama
Language: Spanish is the official language and there are other indigenous languages. English is widely spoken
People: 67% Mestizo (mix of African, Indigenous, and European – mostly Spanish – ancestry), 12.3% Indigenous, 9.2% African descent, 11.5% other including Caucasian and Chinese
Ethnic Groups: There are 7 different indigenous groups including: Kuna, Ngobe-Bugle, Embera-Wounaan, Teribe (Naso), Guaymi, Talamanca, and Bokata
Currency: The Balboa is the official currency of Panama although the US Dollar is pegged 1:1 and is the paper currency
Climate: Panama has a tropical climate with two seasons – rainy and dry. The rainy season lasts from May to November and is considered winter. It is also the low season with fewer tourists and lower prices. The dry season, or summer, lasts from December to April, with March and April generally being the hottest.